It was 48 years ago today (December 6th, 1969) that the Rolling Stones held their ill-fated free concert at the Altamont Speedway in Livermore, California. The bill, which also included Santana, the Jefferson Airplane, the Flying Burrito Brothers, and Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young, is mainly remembered for the violence instigated by the Hell’s Angels motorcycle gang, whom the Stones had hired as security — and the murder of concert-goer Meredith Hunter by Hell’s Angel Alan Passaro. Passaro was later acquitted of the stabbing after claiming he acted in self-defense.
The Stones’ Madison Square Garden shows and the Altamont event were filmed by filmmakers Albert Maysles, David Maysles, Charlotte Zwerin, and assisted by George Lucas, among others. The film was released in 1970 as Gimme Shelter.
At the New York City press conference on November 26th, 1969, Mick Jagger said he thought that the free Northern California concert would follow in the footsteps of the Woodstock festival, in terms of how people would get along: (Mick Jagger): “We are doing a free concert in San Francisco. . . ” (Reporter): “When?” (Mick Jagger): “December 6th — and the location is not Golden Gate Park, unfortunately, but it someplace adjacent to it which is a bit larger. . . It’s creating a sort of a microcosmic society, y’know, which, it sets an example to the rest of America as to how one can behave in large gatherings.”
Although only a handful of songs from the concert were shown in Gimme Shelter — giving the appearance that the show was cut short due to the unruly crowd and violence — the band actually performed a full 15-song set.
The Stones’ full setlist at the Altamont concert was: “Jumpin’ Jack Flash,” “Carol,” “Sympathy For The Devil,” “The Sun Is Shining,” “Stray Cat Blues,” “Love In Vain,” “Under My Thumb,” the world premiere of “Brown Sugar,” “Midnight Rambler,” “Live With Me,” “Gimme Shelter,” “Little Queenie,” “Satisfaction,” “Honky Tonk Women,” and “Street Fighting Man.”
Out now is Get Yer Ya-Ya’s Out! The Rolling Stones In Concert 40th Anniversary Deluxe Box Set. The set features three CD’s and one DVD, with the first disc including the full 1970 Get Yer Ya-Ya’s Out album, and the second disc including five additional cuts left off the original set. The third disc features performances from Ike & Tina Turner and B.B. King who served as the Stones’ opening acts on November 27th and 28th, 1969 at New York’s Madison Square Garden.
In August 2015, Keith Richards recalled the Altamont Speedway concert, during an appearance on Britain’s Absolute Radio. Richards recalled the band being extremely on edge as the crowds started to surge, due to the continuous scuffles between the fans and the bikers: “I don’t know if it was scary, it was just like, ‘Wow you have got to do something about this before it turns into a full scale riot. We handled it the best way we could. Basically I just stopped playing and it happened to work. . . As events turned out security wasn’t what it should be.”
Although Meredeth Hunter was killed only yards away from the band, the show went on — mainly, as the Stones have said over the years — because more violence would’ve occurred had they quit. Richards explained: “We didn’t know the cat was dead or anything, but we saw what was going on. . . It was a matter of ‘quick do something, and distract people from the Hells Angels.'”
In 2016, renown rock writer Joel Selvin published the definitive account of the 1969 concert, titled, Altamont: The Rolling Stones, The Hells Angels, And The Inside Story Of Rock’s Darkest Day.
Photo Courtesy of ABKCO Records